Jeep WK Grand Cherokee Electronic Stability Program (ESP)

By Jeep Experts

Welcome to the in-depth web page on the WK Generation Jeep Grand Cherokee digital stability program. Did we miss something? Please get in contact with us and inform us about it!

Continental Teves’ next-generation antilock braking system, the MK25e, is making its worldwide debut on the 2005 Jeep Grand Cherokee. The MK25e is designed to stop the wheels from locking throughout braking, offering elevated stability and the aptitude to proceed to steer the car throughout laborious braking. The MK25e additionally consists of traction management (ESP), which detects wheel spin and applies the brake on the spinning wheel, successfully transferring torque to these wheels which have traction.

Electronic Stability Program (ESP) is a stability enhancement system designed to electronically detect and help drivers in essential driving conditions and beneath opposed circumstances…robotically. Using alerts from sensors all through the car, the system determines the suitable brake and throttle changes for directional stability of the car.

Electronic sensors are strategically positioned within the car, permitting ESP to investigate steering wheel exercise, wheel speeds, acceleration and the autos’ rotation about its vertical axis (technically named yaw). During movement, the collected information is frequently in comparison with decide whether or not the precise course of the car corresponds to the route the motive force is steering the car. If not, ESP springs into motion, correcting the car’s route to coincide with the place the motive force is pointing it by means of a sequence of brake and engine interventions. The impact is to assist right oversteer and understeer and to coincide with the place the motive force is pointing the car to assist hold it on the street.

Continental Automotive Systems additionally will provide the 2005 Jeep Grand Cherokee with brake boosters and grasp cylinders, wheel pace sensors, and the seat heating modules.



During Understeer:

In an understeer state of affairs, the entrance finish of the automobile tends to slip out. ESP robotically applies the within, rear brake that can assist you acheive your required flip. It can also cut back the engine’s energy.

During Oversteer:

In an oversteer state of affairs, the rear finish of the automobile tends to slip out or “fishtail”. ESP robotically applies the surface, entrance brake that can assist you right “fishtailing”.

Advantages of ESP:


  • ESP continually compares the motive force’s meant course with the car’s precise course and compensates for any variations.
  • ESP responds that can assist you drive safely every time it senses impending wheel lock-up, wheel spin or lack of car management.
  • It helps enhance traction, maneuverability and stability in all climate circumstances.

ESP Assists During All Driving Situations:


  • Braking
  • Accelerating
  • Cornering





ESP features and parts


ESP operation within the WK

ESP (Electronic Stability Program) enhances directional management and reduces driving wheel spin of the car beneath numerous driving circumstances. ESP corrects for over/understeering of the car by making use of brakes to the suitable wheel. Engine torque can be restricted. The “ESP Indicator Light,” situated within the instrument cluster, begins to flash as quickly because the tires lose traction and the ESP system turns into lively.

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Chrysler launched an extra enhancement on the all-new Jeep Grand Cherokee, an digital rollover mitigation system that extends the ESP know-how and offers enhanced car stability throughout emergency maneuvers on all surfaces. The system observes and screens the car roll angle and lateral power to estimate the potential for a rollover state of affairs. If needed, the engine torque is decreased and a brief burst of full braking is utilized to the suitable wheel to assist stabilize the car angle and cut back the car’s lateral power.

These techniques construct on the Chrysler Group digital chassis controls which embody Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) and All-Speed Traction Control (TCS). The Anti-Lock Brake System retains the car straight whereas retaining steering functionality when braking on slippery surfaces by stopping wheel lock-up. It advantages from state-of the-art electronics that present a extra refined system response than up to now. All-Speed TCS enhances mobility and prevents wheel slip when accelerating on slippery surfaces. It additionally offers a measure of directional stability management — an development past prior traction management techniques. Using the wheel-speed sensors, it may possibly detect extreme yaw and assist hold the automobile on the meant course as, for example, when accelerating round a curve.

In addition to the brake engagement at low speeds utilized by standard traction management techniques, All-Speed TCS makes use of throttle management as effectively. This makes the car much less reliant on brake software alone to take care of traction, will increase the working pace vary, and extra intently modulates pace and acceleration, to supply smoother operation. With All-Speed TCS lowering engine torque when accelerating, it’s attainable to realize nearly seamless torque software on the wheels. All-Speed TCS additionally advantages from state-of-the artwork electronics that present a way more refined system response than up to now.


To flip the ESP system OFF, press the swap, situated beneath the local weather controls within the heart stack, till the “ESP Indicator Light” within the instrument cluster activates and the message “ESP SYSTEM DISABLED” seems within the Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC). To flip the system again ON, press the swap a second time till the “ESP Indicator Light” turns off. ESP is at all times accessible throughout braking (in 4WD Hi) even when it has been switched off.

When the ESP system has been switched off, a function of the system stays lively. This function features just like a restricted slip differential and controls the wheel spin throughout an axle. If one wheel on an axle is spinning quicker than the opposite, the system will apply the brake of the spinning wheel and permit extra engine torque to be utilized to the wheel that’s not spinning.

To enhance the car’s traction when driving with snow chains, or beginning off in deep snow, sand or gravel, it might be fascinating to change off the ESP by urgent the ESP swap.

With the ESP switched off, the engine torque discount and stability options are cancelled. Therefore, the improved car stability provided by ESP is unavailable.

If the “ESP Indicator Light” begins to flash throughout acceleration, ease up on the accelerator and apply as little throttle as attainable. Be positive to adapt your pace and driving to the prevailing street circumstances. When the “ESP Indicator Light” is illuminated repeatedly, the ESP is switched off. To return to the improved car stability provided by ESP, press the ESP swap (the “ESP Indicator Light” within the instrument cluster goes out). Avoid spinning one drive wheel. This could trigger critical harm to the drive prepare.

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The “ESP Indicator Light” comes on momentarily every time the ignition swap is turned ON.
Each time the ignition is turned ON, the ESP System can be ON even when it was turned off beforehand.
The ESP Control System will make buzzing or clicking sounds when it’s lively.


There are two Electronic Vehicle Information Center (EVIC) messages related to the Electronic Stability Control System:

1. ESP System Disabled

This message can be displayed if the ESP System has been turned off utilizing the swap, or if there’s a non permanent situation that can lead to partial or no ESP operate. The “ESP Indicator Light” can be on when the system is disabled or solely partial operate is allowed. The “ESP SYSTEM DISABLED” message and the “ESP Indicator Light” being illuminated with out the swap being depressed just isn’t a sign that service of the digital brake system is required.

Also, the “ESP SYSTEM DISABLED” message can be current when the car is shifted into 4WD LOW.

2. Service Elec Brake System

This message can be displayed if a situation exists that will require servicing the digital brake system. When this message is displayed and the “ESP Indicator Light” is on, there’s a malfunction of the ESP System. If the “SERVICE ELEC BRAKE SYSTEM” message continues to be displayed after a number of ignition cycles and the car has been pushed a number of miles at speeds better than 30 mph (48 km/h), see your licensed vendor for service.

ESP (Electronic Stability Program) can not stop the pure legal guidelines of physics from appearing on the car, nor can it enhance the traction afforded. The ESP can not stop accidents, together with these ensuing from extreme pace in turns, or hydroplaning. Only a secure, attentive, and skillful driver can stop accidents. The capabilities of an ESP outfitted car must not ever be exploited in a reckless or harmful method which may jeopardize the consumer’s security or the protection of others.


ESP modes – extra data

ESP will be disengaged by the motive force, inflicting much less ESP intervention, inserting extra car management within the driver’s arms. SRT drivers and off-road lovers could want to partially disengage the system for extra spirited driving or excessive maneuvers requiring extra wheel slip, corresponding to highspeed cornering or fast acceleration from a standstill.

The availability of the Fully ON, Partially OFF and Fully OFF modes varies by car sort: regular, SRT and choose 4×4 autos.

Normal autos
Normal autos include Chrysler and Dodge vehicles and 2WD SUVs. They function two of the modes: Fully ON… and Partially OFF. ESP Fully OFF mode wouldn’t usually be provided.

SRT autos
SRT fashions (besides Grand Cherokee) and police autos function all three Modes: Fully ON… Partially OFF… and Fully OFF.

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Select 4×4 autos
Select 4×4 autos additionally function all three modes. LESS ESP intervention could also be priceless in conditions the place some wheel slip is fascinating. ESP Partial Off mode will permit for extra wheel slip, whereas the Fully Off mode will permit for much more wheel slip by utterly disabling the All-Speed Traction Control. In Fully Off mode Yaw Control and Electronic Roll Mitigation are additionally disabled. When the car’s switch case is within the 4LO mode, the ESP Fully Off mode is robotically engaged.


Operation modes

Fully On

Fully engaged, lively ESP means all modes — all lively, on a regular basis. This is named the Fully ON mode and ought to be used for regular driving. The Fully ON mode utterly prompts the Antilock Brake System, Low-Speed Traction Control, All-Speed Traction Control, ESP Yaw Control, and Electronic Roll Mitigation. By default, every time the car is began, ESP is Fully ON or totally lively.

Fully ON is robotically engaged, requiring no particular driver enter. The system defaults to Fully ON every time the hot button is turned from the “off” to the “on” place or when shifting the switch case on 4×4 autos. One push of the ESP button will put ESP again into the Fully ON mode if the car is already within the Partially OFF or Fully OFF setting.

Partially OFF

The Partially OFF mode offers much less automated management by modifying the all-speed traction management and ESP yaw management thresholds. This will permit for restricted wheel slip for high-performance driving conditions, or driving off-road.

To choose the Partially OFF mode, a single press of the “ESP OFF” button at any pace is all it takes. A warning lamp within the instrument cluster will illuminate.

Fully OFF (not accessible on Grand Cherokee)

The Fully OFF mode utterly disables All-Speed Traction Control, ESP Yaw Control and Electronic Roll Mitigation. This mode is reserved for high-performance autos and off-road-capable autos when in four-wheel-drive mode.

To choose the Fully OFF mode, press and maintain the “ESP OFF” button for at the least 5 seconds however no more than 14 seconds whereas beneath 10 mph. A chime will sound, a warning lamp will illuminate and a textual content message — ESP OFF — will seem within the instrument cluster (on autos with EVIC). Fully Off mode is robotically activated on 4×4 autos when the switch case is shifted to 4LO mode.

When 4×4 autos exceed 40 miles per hour, ESP robotically switches from Fully OFF to Partially-OFF. In 4×4 autos, added security is achieved by having all of ESP’s options lively above 40 mph. This just isn’t achieved in SRT autos as a result of these autos are optimized for greater charges of speeds.

Note that whatever the mode, the antilock brake system and low-speed traction management stay lively — on a regular basis.

SAFETY NOTE: Some prospects could select to take away the ESP fuse from the system to disable ESP. Removing the fuse can even disable ABS and low-speed traction management. This improper process will negatively have an effect on car security and shouldn’t be achieved.

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